Another great news comes from the European Space Agency regarding the Red Planet. Plans for the colonization of the globe, which has several countries around the world, may be much easier than previously thought.
Last year, we discovered huge reservoirs of water ice that lie just below the surface of the planet. Now astronomers have discovered salt water reservoirs. They are all located at the South Pole of Mars. The discovery was possible with the help of radar surveys made with the instruments aboard the European Mars Express spacecraft.
According to the concept of private companies and governments of countries around the world, the first bases and even cities are to be built on Mars by the end of the century. After 2025, the first people are to land there and carry out several important tasks, and then return to Earth. Until now, it was not known in which part of the planet the first base would be built, but now everything is slowly becoming clear.
The new discovery will not only help greatly in the colonization of the planet, but also gives us another hope to discover living organisms there. Astrobiologists believe that some form of biological life can flourish in salt water tanks. If we do not find them there, it is quite possible that we may be able to detect traces of creatures that lived there millions or billions of years ago.
Scientists aren’t sure how salty these reservoirs are. This is a key point, because if they are 20 times more saline than sea water, then the microorganisms may not survive under these conditions. A good example here can be such saline reservoirs in Antarctica, in which there is practically no life.
Scientists report that the lakes are spread over an area of about 75,000 square kilometers. This is about one fifth the size of Germany hidden links. The largest, central lake is 30 kilometers in diameter and is surrounded by three smaller lakes, each several kilometers in diameter.
The new discovery is already being analyzed by a research team at NASA and ESA. If these tanks are found to contain water, it is likely that the agencies will start planning to send research missions there to learn more about them. For now, we can keep our fingers crossed for such a development.